THE EXPRESION OF RELATIONS BETWEEN THE ADRESSER AND THE ADRESSEE IN THE HOMILIES OF CARDINAL VINCENTAS SLADKEVIČIUSGiedrė Čepaitienė
The homily is one kind of sermons. Biblical ideas are being explained in the those texts. In the book of reminiscences about Cardinal V. Sladkevičius 62 texts written by Cardinal himself are published. They are homilies.
The homily is the text of appeal hence the relation betweeen the addresser and the addressee is always distinct. The addresser is always evident for he is the preacher. He is preaching to people in a definite place at a definite time. The addressee of the homily is a group of people listening to the sermon. The addressee is active and reaction to the text is that itcould initiate different features that had not been thought of by the addresser first.
All the texts of the homilies of V. Sladkevičius have one important feature: the addresser identifies himself with the addressee showing it with the help of the pronoun mes (“we“) or certain forms of the verb. Sometimes it is emphasized adding some words. Very seldom the form mes does not indicate the addresser being a member of the addressee's community and separates from it. In these cases mes indicates the clergy. Sometimes the addresser is speaking on behalf of aš (“I”). This happens in two cases: 1) when personal experience is taken into consideration; 2) when the addressee is encouraged to feel as if it is being said in his name.
The main feature of the texts having an appeal is their impact on the listeners' will, calling to think about their intentions, to undertake or to give up some activity. Very frequently those texts are imperative using different forms of the second person. In the homilies of Cardinal V. Sladkevičius there are not many places where the addressee is being urged directly. Usually this urge is hidden in the plural forms of the first person. And it is not indicated what the addressee should or shoud not do but it is shown what is compulsory for the whole community so for the addressee as well. It is very seldom that the addresee is urged to behave as a separate community.
Sometimes it seems that the addressee is a person appointed by the community. Nevertheless, this relation could be considered a rhetorical as figure including some generalization of a person.
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